Police Foundations


Police Foundations-2024/2025

Level 1
Take all of the following Mandatory Courses:
PSFY-1000Public Safety Principles in Ca3
This course examines Canada's public safety network. Topics to be covered include the creation of laws, regulations, policies and practices that govern public safety as well as an examination of organizations that exist to maintain it. Through case-based learning, students will develop an understanding of the interoperability of private security and public safety organizations.
LAWS-1103Criminal Justice in Canada3
The Canadian Criminal Justice System encompasses law enforcement, the courts, and the correctional system. This course will enable the student to understand Canada's central justice agencies' history, roles, and organization and how federal, provincial, and municipal laws are made and enforced. The Criminal Code of Canada is introduced regarding its purpose, structure, format, and use. Students collaborate in teams to enhance their interpretation and knowledge of Canadian law through case-based learning.
LAWS-1104Provincial Statutes & Regulations 13
This course introduces students to provincial legislation specific to many public safety professions. Topics covered include the Provincial Offences Act, Mental Health Act, Residential Tenancies Act, Trespass to Property Act, Liquor Licence and Control Act, Coroners Act, Blind Persons' Rights Act, Cannabis Control Act and Safe Streets Act. Through case-based learning, students apply apprehension, arrest, and search and seizure authorities. They also complete court documents enforcing common offences.
HLTH-1312Mental Health & Social Welfare2
This course will provide a perspective on mental health principles, disorders and behaviour management, the mental health system, community agencies and personal support systems. Students will learn legislation and policies to work with people affected by mental health and addiction issues respectfully and effectively. Through dynamic simulations and self-assessment, students will examine the stigma associated with mental health and how mental health is addressed in the criminal justice system.
PHRE-1047Fitness, Health, and Wellness 12.5
Public safety agencies recognize the importance of fitness, health, and wellness for public safety personnel. This course introduces students to occupational fitness tests, professionalism, stress management, wellness, and appropriate strategies for developing and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Students develop a personal fitness plan and perform elements of occupational fitness tests used by public safety agencies.
PSFY-1001Professional Practice-Teamwork1.5
This course introduces students to the concept of teamwork and the importance of utilizing various forms of communication in public safety professions. The topics include situational awareness and officer safety, basic interviewing and observations skills, notebook entries and incident report writing. Through scenario-based learning, students develop the ability to work in teams and investigate minor occurrences while following policies and procedures used by public safety agencies.
SOCI-1001Sociology & Canadian Society3
This course is designed to acquaint the student with the sociological perspective and the analysis of social events. Topics of study will include research methodology, culture, socialization, deviance and crime, social inequality, social change, and collective behaviour. The student will also analyze how law enforcement personnel, law enforcement services, and society have benefited from the social sciences.
WRIT-1089Reason & Writing 1 for Public Safety3
This course will introduce public safety students to essential principles of reading, writing, and reasoning at the postsecondary level. Students will identify, summarize, analyze, and evaluate multiple short readings and write persuasive response essays to develop their vocabulary, comprehension, grammar, and critical thinking.

Level 2
Gen Ed - Take a 3 credit General Education elective course.
Take all of the following Mandatory Courses:
LAWS-3071Criminal Code3
This course provides a practical introduction to criminal law and significant offences in the Criminal Code. These include crimes against the person, property, and public order. Working in teams through case-based learning, students apply knowledge by researching offences and using case law.
POLC-3000Interviewing & Evidence in Pol3
In this course, students learn how to interview witnesses and suspects as well as study the technical and scientific methods of collecting, identifying, and interpreting various forms of evidence at a crime scene. Topics include forensic identification such fingerprints and DNA, victim and survivor support, notetaking, and evidence preservation and continuity. Through case studies, students work in teams to learn and apply the various roles police officers have at a crime scene.
POLC-1000Communications for Police Prof3
In this course, students will continue to develop skills such as reading, spelling and grammar fundamentals, summarizing and critically analyzing material relevant to law enforcement. Topics include observation and memory recall, organizational skills imperative for law enforcement, and evidence presentation. Professional writing skills are refined through course activities, including note-taking, drafting occurrence reports, and obtaining written witness statements.
PSFY-3000Diverse Communities & Public Safety3
This course begins by exploring the concepts of equity, diversity, and inclusion, as well as multiculturalism and human rights within a Canadian context. Through active learning, students examine race, ethnicity, immigration, religion, gender identity and expression, sexual orientation, age, ability, family structures and Canadian human rights legislation. Studies examine how personal, professional, and systemic barriers give rise to prejudice, discrimination, and oppression. With a focus on public safety, students analyze and address how public safety personnel can contribute or mitigate individual and systemic issues.
PHRE-1048Fitness, Health, and Wellness 21.5
This course builds on the concepts learned in Fitness, Health, and Wellness 1. Topics to be covered include nutrition, critical incident stress, cardiovascular disease, shift work, substance abuse, back health and infectious and non-infectious diseases. Students develop an appropriate nutrition plan and perform occupational fitness tests
POLC-3001Professional Practice-Communications2
This course builds upon the skills developed in Professional Practice-Teamwork, emphasizing further development of effective communication and introducing the concept of emotional intelligence to understand ourselves, others, and situations better. Practical application of theory learned in Provincial Statutes & Regulations 1, Criminal Code and Interviewing & Evidence in Policing is introduced. Through scenario-based learning, students use communication skills to provide an empathic approach when assisting survivors, building trust and respect, and solving problems during difficult situations.
PSYC-1001Introduction to Psychology3
This introductory course in psychology provides students the opportunity to review some of the major theories and research findings from various branches of psychology. Special attention will be given to implications and applications that are specific to issues in policing, law and security. The following topics will be covered: brain and behaviour, sensation and perception, learning, memory, sleep, drugs, stress, social relations, personality, and psychological disorders.

Level 3
Take all of the following Mandatory Courses:
POLC-3002Police Powers 13
This course examines pertinent sections of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and their impact on the Canadian Criminal Procedure. Police powers of arrest, investigative detention, release, search and seizure, police discretion and their implications also be discussed. This course enables the student to become familiar with police terminology and apply the procedures required for investigative detention, arrest, and release.
POLC-5000Criminal Investigations & Evidence3
Building on Interviewing & Evidence in Policing, in this course students further explore crime scene investigations and the rules around the collection, preparation, and admissibility of evidence for court. Topics include examining various forms of forensic evidence, cybercrime best practices, and high-risk crime scene investigation planning for major cases. Through scenario-based learning, students take on various roles as investigators for a final crime scene assignment.
PSFY-3001Conflict Management3
This course provides students with a foundation and framework of prevention and intervention procedures based on specific public safety environments. Topics include effective decision-making and problem-solving strategies to de-escalate and safely respond to assaultive or disruptive behaviours while preventing injuries. Through case-based learning, students practice de-escalation techniques and identify the issues surrounding physical intervention.
POLC-3003Youth Justice3
This course provides students with the historical and philosophical overview of the evolution of the statutes, treatment, and punishment of young persons who commit offences in Canada. Students are introduced to the contemporary principles and objectives of the Youth Criminal Justice Act, particularly the differential treatment of youth who commit criminal offences to reduce, prevent and mitigate future transgressions while reducing harm to the community. While working in teams, students apply diversionary principles to an assigned case study while participating in a mock pretrial diversion program using restorative justice principles.
EMGT-3000Emergency Management2
This course provides students with emergency management concepts, including the Incident Command System (ISM) and how interagency coordination occurs during an incident to contain, mitigate, maintain order, and resolve emergencies. Students analyze the Emergency Management and Civil Protection Act and learn the principles of hazard identification and risk assessment. In a tabletop exercise, students explore various situations and consider barriers and limitations to effectively create a plan to respond to emergencies while assuming multiple roles.
POLC-5001Leadership, Ethics & Accountability3
In this course, students examine issues surrounding ethical decision-making in policing through scenario-based learning and the review of cases involving police misconduct. Students are exposed to critical judgment exercises and sound ethical decision-making protocols. Students also learn principles of leadership and followership, and explore the vital importance of police accountability and their being held to a higher standard as public role-models.
HLTH-3070Fitness, Health, and Wellness2
This course builds on the knowledge and skills learned in Fitness, Health, and Wellness 1 and 2. Students demonstrate teamwork and professionalism through in-class group physical fitness assignments. Students strive to improve their performance of physical fitness tests used in policing.
POLC-5002Professional Practice-Officer2
This course builds on knowledge and skills learned in the previous Professional Practice courses. Topics include situational awareness and officer safety, information gathering, communication and self-control, complex decision making, de-escalation techniques and knowledge of legislative authorities. Through scenario-based learning, students apply acquired theory to commonly experienced police occurrences.

Level 4
Take all of the following Mandatory Courses:
POLC-5003Police Powers 23
This course provides an in-depth examination of provincial law governing the delivery of adequate and effective policing in the Province of Ontario. Topics include police governance and public accountability, including matters of the public complaint procedure and police discipline options. Theory and laws surrounding the use of objectively reasonable force and associated criminal liability issues are discussed in detail.
LAWS-5014Organized Crime & Gun Violence3
This course builds upon the material studied in Criminal Code. Students interpret legislation and analyze case law relating to weapons, human trafficking, controlled drugs, substances and other offences. Students review law enforcement's role in investigating and prosecuting criminal and federal offences related to organized crime and gun violence. Students complete a research project on organized crime's impact on victims and society, recognizing the physical, psychological, and financial implications of their illegal activity.
LAWS-5015Provincial Statutes & Regulations 23
This course integrates knowledge gained in Provincial Statutes & Regulations 1 and studies additional statutes commonly used in policing. These include the Highway Traffic Act, Compulsory Automobile Insurance Act, Motorized Snow Vehicles and Off-Road Vehicles Act. Through case-based learning, students also learn how to investigate a motor-vehicle collision and complete court documents for offences found in the statutes studied.
POLC-5004Policing & Community Engagement3
This course introduces students to the principles of community policing by providing a historical perspective and exploring the transformation of policing from traditional strategies to modern mobilization and engagement. Students analyze problem-oriented policing, intelligence-led policing and other techniques that assist police in developing, enhancing and maintaining constructive community partnerships. In teams, students assess a community problem and develop, implement and evaluate results to resolve a community concern
DEVL-5011Career Preparation & Exploration2
This course helps students develop their employment potential for a career in policing. Topics for instruction include a comparison of personal values and skills with those expected of the police profession, résumé and cover letter development, as well as job interviewing skills. Guest speakers from various police services provide insight into their respective organizations.
INDG-5000Indigenous Communities & Public Safety3
A career in public safety requires a clear understanding and respect for the Original People of Canada. Studies cover historical to present day. Students increase their knowledge and awareness of the issues impacting Indigenous Peoples of Canada. Indigenous policing is also reviewed.
HLTH-5029Fitness, Health, and Wellness 42
This course builds on the knowledge and skills learned in Fitness, Health, and Wellness 1, 2 and 3. Students continue to demonstrate professionalism and teamwork through advanced in-class group physical fitness assignments. Stress management and resilience are emphasized. Students perform physical fitness tests used in policing to the required industry standards.
POLC-5005Professional Practice-Culminating Skills2
This culminating Professional Practice course allowing students the opportunity to build on and apply knowledge and skills gained over the duration of the program. Through a variety of experiential learning exercises, including police-related scenarios and role-plays, students apply theory to commonly experienced police occurrences.

Gen Ed - Elective
Take 3 General Education Credits -
Normally taken in Level 2

Program Residency
Students Must Complete a Minimum of 22 credits in this
program at Fanshawe College to meet the Program Residency
requirement and graduate from this program