Overview - 2019/2020
Skillfully working with the systems that power our world is a vital, respected and in-demand career option. If learning specialized skills that will prepare you for a dynamic career interests you, light up your future now with Fanshawe's Electrical Engineering Technology program (Co-op).
Because electrical engineering is a hands-on profession, you'll take your new theoretical skills into real lab situations where you'll work on electrical, electronic, and digital components in our electrical engineering courses. The co-op component of the program will provide eight months of real world electrician training and an upgrade to a prestigious Advanced Diploma. You'll use cutting-edge technology in your electrician courses to help solve the electrical problems that are vital to our electrical world. As you move through the program, you can specialize in an area of your choice.
This program is accredited by Co-operative Education and Work Integrated Learning Canada. This accreditation represents the highest standard of achievement for co-operative education programs in Canada, and recognizes Fanshawe's commitment to excellence.
When you graduate from our electrical engineering course, you'll have a range of job opportunities with engineering design offices, plant engineering departments of process industries (such as steel, paper, plastic and chemical), power utilities or computer and instrumentation manufacturers. Your electrician training will pay off with skills as diverse as your career options. Join an established team of designers, or work as a supervisor. Perhaps your skills are more suited to electronic sales. Whatever your choice, you'll be trained to spark-up an incredible career in a respected and in-demand career.
ELY6 Program Progression:
Year Fall Winter Spring Summer Year #1 Start Level 1 Class Level 2 Class Level 3 N/A Year #2 Class Level 4 Class Level 5 Class Level 6 N/A Year #3 Co-op Co-op N/A Co-op Year #4 Class Level 7/End N/A N/A N/A
Admission Requirements - 2019/2020OSSD with courses from the College (C), University (U),
University/College (M), or Open (O) stream WITH:
- Mathematics ONE OF:
- Grade 12 Mathematics for College Technology* (C)
- Grade 12 Calculus and Vectors* (U)
- Grade 12 Advanced Functions (U)
- Grade 12 Foundations for College Mathematics (C)
(Note: minimum final grade required is 65)
- Grade 11 or Grade 12 Physics (C) or (U)
Academic and Career Entrance Certificate (ACE) WITH:
- Core Mathematics
(Note: minimum final grade required is 65)
Pre-Technology Ontario College Certificate AND:
- minimum final grade of 'C+' or 65 in the required Mathematics
Ontario High School Equivalency Certificate (GED) AND:
- Mathematics ONE OF:
- Grade 12 Mathematics for College Technology* (C)
- Grade 12 Calculus and Vectors* (U)
- Grade 12 Advanced Functions (U)
- Grade 12 Foundations for College Mathematics (C)
(Note: minimum final grade required is 65)
- Grade 11 or Grade 12 Physics (C) or (U)
Mature Applicant with standing in the required courses and grade stated above
- *Grade 12 Mathematics for College Technology (C) or Grade 12 Calculus and Vectors (U) preferred.
- Applicants who lack required courses may be admitted to the program subject to appropriate prior upgrading.
English Language Requirements
Applicants whose first language is not English will be required to demonstrate proficiency in English by one of the following methods:
- A Grade 12 College Stream or University Stream English credit from an Ontario Secondary School, or equivalent, depending on the program's Admission Requirements
- Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) test with a minimum score of 550 for the paper-based test (PBT), or 79 for the Internet-based test (iBT), with test results within the last two years
- International English Language Testing System (IELTS) Academic test with an overall score of 6.0 with no score less than 5.5 in any of the four bands, with test results within the last two years. SDS Program Requirements..
- Canadian Academic English Language (CAEL) test with an overall score of 60 with no score less than 50 in any of the four bands, with test results within the last two years
- Pearson Test of English Academic (PTE) with a minimum score of 53, with test results within the last two years
- A Cambridge English Test (FCE/CAE/CPE) with an overall score on the Cambridge English Scale of 169 with no language skill less than 162, with test results within the last two years
- An English Language Evaluation (ELE) at Fanshawe College with a minimum score of 70% in all sections of the test, with test results within the last two years
- Fanshawe College ESL4/GAP5 students: Minimum grade of 80% in ESL4/GAP5 Level 8, 75% in ESL4/GAP5 Level 9, or 70% in ESL4/GAP5 Level 10
Recommended Academic Preparation
- Grade 12 Business and Technological Communication (O)
- Grade 11 or Grade 12 Chemistry (C) or (U)
- Grade 11 or Grade 12 Manufacturing Technology (C)
- Grade 11 or Grade 12 Computer Engineering Technology (M)
- Grade 11 or Grade 12 Communications Technology (M)
- It is recommended that students in the Academic and Career Entrance Certificate (ACE) program take a Technical or Apprenticeship Mathematics course within the ACE program.
Applicant Selection CriteriaWhere the number of eligible applicants exceeds the available spaces in the program, the Applicant Selection Criteria will be:
- Preference for Permanent Residents of Ontario
- Receipt of Application by February 1st (After this date, Fanshawe College will consider applicants on a first-come, first-served basis until the program is full)
- Achievement in the Admission Requirements
- Admission to the Fanshawe College Pre-Technology program does not guarantee admission in a subsequent year to the Electrical Engineering Technology (Co-op) program. Successful completion of the Fanshawe College Pre-Technology program, however, does enable the student to be given additional consideration when applying to the Electrical Engineering Technology (Co-op) program. The Pre-Technology program is the preferred designated preparatory program for admission to the Electrical Engineering Technology (Co-op) program.
Electrical Engineering Technology(Co-op)-2019/2020
Level 1 MATH-1188 Math 1 4 As the first mathematics course for technology students, the content includes fundamental algebra, systems of linear equations, quadratic equations, trigonometry, geometry and the j operator, exponents, radicals and logarithms. Applications involving problems taken from electrical/electronic technology will be covered wherever possible. ELEC-1130 DC Electricity 5 This course introduces both theoretical and applied concepts of Direct Current (DC) electricity. It is a fundamental course where the student will identify, investigate, troubleshoot, analyze and solve resistive, capacitive and inductive circuits applying the appropriate laws, analysis methodology and network theorems both in the classroom and the laboratory (lab). Included in the course are topics on batteries, series-parallel circuits, Joule`s and Kirchhoff's laws, Norton`s, Thevenin`s and the Superposition theorem, mesh loop and node voltage analysis as well as capacitor charge-discharge circuits, magnetic circuits and inductive transients. In the lab the student will learn to use a number of hand tools and instruments, including DC power supplies, oscilloscopes and digital multimeters (DMMs), to measure and report on electrical experiments. COMP-1471 Programming & Analytical Techniques 3 This course introduces the student to the basics of computer programming and the use of office software as they apply to electrical engineering. The course will allow the student to develop skills in structured programming, including flowcharting, documentation and interface design. This course will introduce students to methods of applied research and critical thinking skills necessary to analyze, design, and implement solutions to different engineering technology problems and issues. WRIT-1039 Reason & Writing 1-Technology 3 This course will introduce technology students to essential principles of reading, writing, and reasoning at the postsecondary level. Students will identify, summarize, analyze, and evaluate multiple short readings and write persuasive response essays to develop their vocabulary, comprehension, grammar, and critical thinking. SKLS-1021 Applied Project 1.5 This is an introductory course for the student to learn about shop safety, electrical and electronic component identification and precautions, wires types, soldering/de-soldering techniques and the industry standards for solder joint acceptability. The student will construct a project using a using a variety of electronic and mechanical parts. Students will be introduced to printed circuit board design software for the prototyping of simple circuits and learn how to use test equipment safely for testing and troubleshooting purposes. LAWS-1038 Law, Ethics & Occupational H&S 3 This course explores the structure, practice, and ethics related to the world of work. The fundamental legal principles and ethics practised by employers are examined. Maintaining a safe, healthy, and stable work environment is a focus of this course where students learn elements of the regulations and codes of conduct for the workplace. Students develop an understanding of the history and relevance of various workplace mandates such as WHMIS, health & safety committees, and the Canadian legal system. Level 2 MATH-1189 Calculus 1 4 As the second mathematics course for Electrical Technology students, the content includes an introduction to differential calculus of one variable and its applications . The concepts of limits, continuity and rules for finding the derivatives of polynomial and rational functions are developed, followed by their application to graphing, optimization and related rates problems taken largely from electrical and electronics engineering. The course concludes with an introduction to integration of polynomial and simple rational functions. ELEC-3068 AC Electricity 4 This course introduces both theoretical and applied concepts of Alternating Current (AC) electricity. It is a fundamental course where the student will identify, investigate, troubleshoot, analyze and solve resistive, capacitive and inductive circuits applying the appropriate laws, analysis methodology and network theorems both in the classroom and the laboratory (lab). Included in the course are topics on sinusoidal alternating waveforms, the basic elements and phasors, series/parallel AC circuits, Ohms's, Joule`s and Kirchhoff's laws, Norton`s, Thevenin`s and the Superposition theorem, mesh loop and node voltage analysis as well as AC power, resonance, filters, the frequency response of R-L-C circuits, power factor correction, transformers and 3-Phase Systems. In the lab the student will learn to use a number of hand tools and instruments, function generators, oscilloscopes, Watt-meters and digital multimeters (DMMs), to measure and report on electrical experiments. DIGL-1024 Digital 1-Fundamentals 4 This course studies digital systems through a balanced series of lectures supported by hands-on laboratory sessions. The student will acquire a solid foundation that begins with an introduction to C programming and develops structured programming and microcontroller interfacing techniques. The students will learn the use of microcontrollers to solve problems in real time control through laboratory exercises that are designed to reinforce the concepts and case studies presented in theory. ELNC-1107 Electronic Devices 5 This course is a study of basic active semi-conductor devices. The course content includes basic characteristics, theory of operation, data sheets and applications of these devices. The student will design, build, test, and troubleshoot an electronic project to reinforce and apply theory taught in this course. CADD-1072 Computer Aided Design 3 Students will learn how to use AutoCAD along with word processing and other software used by electrical technologists. Students will learn basic two-dimensional drawing skills and apply them to produce a variety of drawings. Students will develop time management skills by adhering to project deadlines. Level 3 CNTL-1015 Automation 3 This course is an introduction to automation. It introduces the students to relay control, programmable logic controller (PLC), pneumatic and hydraulic systems. It covers electrical ladder diagrams, pneumatic, hydraulic diagrams, control devices and industry standards. The student will apply the theory by designing hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical relay and PLC control systems and testing them on hands-on training units. ELEC-1133 Applied Electrical Code 1.5 This practical wiring course covers the installation of wiring systems used in residential, commercial and industrial buildings to Canadian Electrical Code standards. Students will design, install and test circuits for lighting, power and control applications. Relevant regulations and codes that identify proper installation practices, correct design specifications, and personal safety requirements will be studied. ELEC-1131 Electrical Machines 1 3.5 This course focuses on the construction, operating principles and the power flow associated with both static and rotating machines. Machine applications include the DC generator, the DC motor, single-phase and 3-phase transformers, the synchronous generator, the synchronous motor and the induction motor. In the lab, students will wire and troubleshoot the various machines and perform voltage, current and power measurements related to three-phase circuits and systems. Level 4 MATH-3074 Calculus 2 4 This course is a continuation of MATH-1189. Unit 1 covers derivatives of transcendental functions including trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions. Unit 2, methods of integrations, includes integration of transcendental functions by substitution as well as integration by parts and partial fractions. Unit 3 deals with functional approximation and introduces the student to infinite series such as Maclaurin and Taylor, followed by Fourier series. Applications appropriate to electrical engineering technology will be incorporated in all three units of this course. TELE-1022 Telecommunications 4 This is an introductory level course covering many of the fundamentals of telecommunications taught in classroom theory and reinforced during labs. The student is presented with an overview of a complete telecommunications system and is followed up with the background theory involved with its primary components. These areas of study include the principles of modulation, noise, bandwidth, digital telemetry and channel capacity. The discussions also introduce the basic theory of transmission lines, optical fibre and wireless technologies in relation to potential mediums for signal transmission. ELEC-3069 Electrical Machines 2 4 This course continues studying the electrical machines including single-phase and 3-phase transformer, DC generator and motor, synchronous generator and motor, 3-phase and single-phase induction motor. Equivalent circuit is introduced for all machine types. Phasor diagram is used to analyze the AC machines. Laboratory experiments link the hands-on testing with the theories. DIGL-3024 Digital 2-Digital Systems 4 This course builds upon the skills that the student developed in Digital I and in the Programming and Analytical Technics course. The student will learn to design, build, and troubleshoot the hardware and software of interconnected microcontroller and embedded digital systems by studying the application of commonly used peripherals such as Analog to Digital Converters, PWM, timers, and UARTS. The student will continue to develop appropriate programming skills and learn the basics of interfacing and troubleshooting various input/output systems including relays and sensors. Methods of proper documentation (including flow charts, schematic capture and project planning) are also introduced. MGMT-1007 Project Management 3 This course is an introduction to the philosophy of Project Management. It introduces the history and basic principles of project management. The course discusses the most important aspects of project management through the initiation, development, execution and closure phases of the project, going over historical examples, and discussing the evolution of project management to its present form. The implications on the organizational culture and best practices are discussed. Concepts of scheduling, budgeting, risk estimation and scope management are examined. Level 5 MATH-5020 Calculus 3 4 This course is the third calculus course for ELY students. The first unit of the course introduces the student to first-order linear ordinary differential equations and will examine their solution by the analytical methods (Separation of Variables and the Integrating Factor techniques). Included in this section is an introduction to the solution of these equations using the technique of Laplace Transforms. The second unit examines the solution of two types of second-order ordinary differential equations: linear homogeneous and non-homogeneous types. This section also centres on analytical methods of solution but also continues the application of Laplace Transforms to the solution of second-order ODEs. The third unit covers the solution of first and second-order ODEs using the numerical techniques of the first and second-order Euler Method. Applications include the analysis of dynamic mechanical systems and simple RLC circuits. ELEC-1132 Electrical Systems Design E-Code 5 This course will introduce students to electrical systems used in commercial/industrial buildings. Students will design branch circuit feeders for motors, welders, lighting, receptacles and other electrical equipment. Electrical power distribution for industrial and commercial facilities is covered including incoming service size, power factor correction, fault current calculations and co-ordination of electrical systems. Primary emphasis is on design of practical electrical systems, selection of appropriate equipment, and production of electrical documentation. Students will prepare a detailed set of drawings and schedules starting with an given architectural floor plan, for a commercial/industrial application. CNTL-5015 PLC Applications-Adv 4 This course covers advanced PLC programming and HMI (Human Machine Interface) design in the automation control systems. Students will assemble, test, and commission electrical devices, design, analyze, and troubleshoot computer program. This course also includes: communication networks, distributed I/O, and motion control. ELNC-3035 Power Electronics 4 This course builds on the theory covered in the Electronic Devices course and looks at the various aspects of circuit design in high power applications. High power applications that will be covered include, switch mode power supplies, uninterruptable power supplies, and basic motor drives. Considerations for component selection during design and component protection during operation are taught with respect to power consumption, switching speeds and the operating environment. The weekly labs will provide practical experience with the design, construction and testing of power circuits. ELEC-3070 Electrical Power Systems 4 This course is to study the function and operation of modern power systems. The three main sections of generation, transmission and distribution will be studied. After completing this course the students will understand the generation stations powered by hydro, fossil fuel, nuclear, wind, and solar energy; use equivalent circuit to calculate the power flow in the transmission lines; analyze the protection functions in Medium- and Low voltage distribution systems. Level 6
TELE-3013 Structured Cabling 1.5 Within this course, the student will study numerous networks within a building. They will have an opportunity to determine the proper link for communication, develop their hands-on skills on making approved terminations, and verify networks for their capacity. They will also design a layout for phone, data, video, security, and HVAC systems using current regulations for a commercial building with considerations of crosstalk and proper grounding techniques. This layout will reinforce their skill in using AutoCAD to create engineering drawings. MGMT-3076 Capstone 1 Electrical Technology 1 The student will select, design and plan the beginning of their final semester project. Some projects are industry sponsored. Projects are either of the type: design, build and verify; or data acquisition and analysis. Students will prepare project based documentation. The student will work on the design or plan of a major project in their field. INST-1009 Instrumentation 1.5 This course is designed to examine industrial instrumentation systems. Different sensors will be introduced for measuring temperature, rotating, distance, pressure, level, flow, etc.. Data acquisition and computer based instrumentation software will be learnt as well. After completing the course, the students will be able to develop an instrumentation system according to industrial specifications. The system should include selecting sensor/transducers, interfacing to data acquisition system, and developing a user interface on computer. COOP-1020 Co-operative Education Employment Prep 1 This workshop will provide an overview of the Co-operative Education consultants and students' roles and responsibilities as well as the Co-operative Education Policy. It will provide students with employment preparatory skills specifically related to co-operative education work assignments and will prepare students for their work term.
CNTL-3017 Industrial Robots 3 This course introduces industrial robot applications in automation systems. It provides both classroom instruction and hands-on training for robot safety; teach pendant manual operations and programming; and 3D robot simulation. Students will also learn the basic concepts of motion control systems. ELEC-3071 Renewable Energy 3 In this course the students are introduced to the main sources of renewable energy, for example SolarPV and wind energy. Applications are reviewed and small systems are designed. Design places an emphasis on selecting optimal system components incorporating factors of cost efficiency, revenue, system complexity amongst others. Topics of smart grid, grid storage and grid stability are discussed. CNTL-3018 Circuit Design & Fabrications 3 In this course students will learn and apply advanced printed circuit board design techniques using a variety of software. Design implementation using rapid proto-typing techniques or commercially produced printed circuit boards will be discussed. An emphasis of design for EMC considerations as well as manufacturability and include modules on different manufacturing techniques, such as hybrid circuit design and surface mount technologies (SMT). Level 7
CNTL-1016 Process Control-Intro 5 This course is an introduction to process control analysis and design. The course is designed to familiarize the student with the concepts, terminology, principles and computations used in process control systems. The intention is to provide a solid foundation in process control for the technology student to analyze, design, and maintain control systems. Course topics will cover the basic principles of open- and closed-loop control systems, block diagrams, transfer functions, PID controllers, types of control, and dynamic response criteria of a good control system. It emphasizes practices in industry so that students learn what aspects of plant design and control are critical. The sequence of the topics builds the students with the ability to specify, design, construct, test and tune a control loop using a PID controller. METH-3025 Quality Assurance 3 This course provides students with a basic understanding of statistics and applies this knowledge to problems dealing with quality assurance in a manufacturing environment. Requirements for testing and measurement for the purposes of providing quality assurance are examined. This course will provide some familiarity with ISO9000 and TS16949 standards along with Lean methodology, 5s, 6 sigma, as well as APQP teams, DFMEAs and PFMEAs. Upon completion, students that have taken this course will have an understanding and appreciation of some of the issues affecting manufacturing. MGMT-5078 Capstone 2 Electrical Technology 3 This course teaches the application of project management skills as applied to practical hands onprojects. The students will work in teams to construct projects and prepare reports. COMM-3070 Technical Comm for Technologists 2 This course develops project-based communication skills required by technicians in their field ofstudy and in their careers. Skills acquired include those needed to work as a part of aprofessional team, prepare short and longreports, manage emails, supply information in a brief update, and present information and findings to a group. All student work iscompleted to a professional and workplace-ready standard.
TELE-5008 Telecommunications-Adv 4 Advanced Telecommunications covers many of the technologies that are in use for radio, television, cellular and other digital systems. Students will be taught about advanced forms of modulation and spread spectrum techniques for digital applications along with methods used for the encoding and decoding of the signals at the transmitters and receivers. The operation of phase locked loops is taught during theory sessions, and each student will build a digitally tuned piece of communications equipment in the lab that implements a PLL frequency synthesizer. Upon completion of the course, a student will have a good understanding of many modern day telecommunications systems. CNTL-3019 Integrated Automation Systems 4 This course will assist students in developing and building a solid knowledge of integrated automation systems. Students will learn about and interact with a variety of automation devices. Students will also have opportunity to perform system configuration tasks and gain an understanding of how PLC controllers, HMI, Robotics, drives, motors, and safety devices function together within industrial networking environment.
COMP-3099 Embedded Systems 4 This course focuses on modern embedded system design and applications through the study of real time operating systems and networking concepts. 32 bit embedded systems form the basis of explosive growth of new products in virtually all segments of our global economy (including industrial, medical, automotive, and consumer). These products usually incorporate the tight integration of networking, sensors and actuators. In this course, the student learns about the modern hardware and software development techniques utilized in embedded system design, with an emphasis on utilizing 32 bit processors. The student will learn the essentials of programming Real Time Operating Systems which are utilized in modern embedded systems such as automation and measurement systems, cell phones, automobile engine control units, medical monitoring, robotics, etc. Besides software and hardware development, the student will study operating system concepts (multitasking, threads, scheduling, disk IO), security and networking (Ethernet, TCPIP, routing) as they apply to modern embedded systems. ELEC-3072 Variable Frequency Drive 4 This course is to study the operating principle of variable frequency drives (VFD). After a brief review of the control of DC and AC motors, the topology and control schemes of power inverters will be introduced. Brushless DC motor or Electronic Commutated Motor (ECM) will be studied as well. After completing this course, the students will be able to select a proper drive system for different applications and program a VFD by adjust the parameter settings.
Careers - 2019/2020
Career OpportunitiesGraduates of this program are very versatile and may work in an engineering design office with manufacturers of automated equipment, or in the plant engineering departments of process industries such as steel, paper, plastic and chemical. Other opportunities exist with power utilities and with computer and instrumentation manufacturers. Graduates generally work in design but may also be involved in technical sales, maintenance and supervision.
More Information - 2019/2020
A Mandatory Mobile Computing (Laptop) Program
A Co-operative Education Program
A Three-Year Ontario College Advanced Diploma ProgramProgram Code: ELY6
Campus Code: LC (LC - London)
15 week terms
Academic Calendars available at www.fanshawec.ca/academicdates
ContactSchool of Applied Science and Technology: 519-452-4419
This program is a three-year, seven level program with eight months of mandatory co-op experience. This program will ready graduates for jobs in growth areas of automation, network communications, electrical utilities/protection, process control, electronics and embedded systems. Students will study electrical system design, automation, power generation/distribution and develop practical skills. Graduates will be skilled in AutoCAD, hydraulic/pneumatic systems, PLCs, motors, electronics, programming and industrial automation. Throughout the program, students will apply this knowledge in conjunction with the Canadian Electrical Code, workplace health and safety and project management applications. Additionally, students will enhance their interpersonal and communication skills.
- A laptop computer is to be purchased by the student approximately $1000.00. The cost of the laptop is included in the General Expenses stated in the Fee Schedule.
- A CONNECT lab fee of $50.00 per academic term is included in the Additional Program Fees stated in the Fee Schedule. This fee helps cover costs associated with the delivery of the CONNECT mobile computing program. Students should not purchase a laptop computer or software until the College publishes the recommended configuration, models, software titles and versions for that academic year.
In order to be eligible for co-op, students must maintain a 2.0 GPA and be academically complete at the commencement of their co-op work term.
This is a three-year co-operative education program. Students who fulfill both the academic and co-op requirements of the program will be eligible to graduate with a Co-op Endorsed Advanced Diploma. More information about co-operative education can be found at www.fanshawec.ca/co-op
Applicants seeking a non Co-op Endorsed Advanced Diploma should apply to the Electrical Engineering Technology program, Program Code ELY7.Learning Outcomes
The graduate has reliably demonstrated the ability to:
1. analyze, interpret, and produce electrical and electronics drawings, technical reports including other related documents and graphics.
2. analyze and solve complex technical problems related to electrical systems by applying mathematics and science principles.
3. design, use, verify, and maintain instrumentation equipment and systems.
4. design, assemble, test, modify, maintain and commission electrical equipment and systems to fulfill requirements and specifications under the supervision of a qualified person.
5. commission and troubleshoot static and rotating electrical machines and associated control systems under the supervision of a qualified person.
6. design, assemble, analyze, and troubleshoot electrical and electronic circuits, components, equipment and systems under the supervision of a qualified person.
7. design, install, analyze, assemble and troubleshoot control systems under the supervision of a qualified person.
8. use computer skills and tools to solve a range of electrical related problems.
9. create, conduct and recommend modifications to quality assurance procedures under the supervision of a qualified person.
10. prepare reports and maintain records and documentation systems.
11. design, install, test, commission and troubleshoot telecommunication systems under the supervision of a qualified person.
12. apply and monitor health and safety standards and best practices to workplaces.
13. perform and monitor tasks in accordance with relevant legislation, policies, procedures, standards, regulations, and ethical principles.
14. configure installation and apply electrical cabling requirements and system grounding and bonding requirements for a variety of applications under the supervision of a qualified person.
15. design, commission, test and troubleshoot electrical power systems under the supervision of a qualified person.
16. select and recommend electrical equipment, systems and components to fulfill the requirements and specifications under the supervision of a qualified person.
17. apply project management principles to contribute to the planning, implementation, and evaluation of projects.